Constructed in 1895, this easily accessible prison was the sight of some scary things straight out of a horror film. In the 1920’s, it was declared the worst prison in the US due to it’s barbaric conditions and use of solitary confinement for control. Then, in 1938 it was discovered that guards were punishing prisoners by putting them in a small building filled with steam radiators and turning up the heat. Several prisoners died and a police cover-up was discovered.
Then, starting in the 1950’s, a dermatologist in league with Dow and Johnson & Johnson began experimenting on the prisoners, trying different creams, cutting off skin for testing, and infecting them with everything under the sun including poison ivy, herpes and athletes foot. The CIA also used the prisoners for psychotropic drug testing and advance interrogation technique testing.
Thanks to these ethical boundary crossings, the US banned medical studies in prisons in 1978. The prison, though largely not in constant use, still functions as an overflow for area prisons when needed.