The Catholic Church was a Strong Supporter of Science and Astronomy
There’s this general knowledge that back in the day, the Catholic Church was against anything that disproved the bible. We think that they wanted to halt scientific progress, thought the world was flat and that the sun went around the earth, and God lived just upstairs above the clouds. They even were credited with jailing intellectuals like Galileo.
So while they did put him under house arrest for arguing that the earth went around the sun, not the other way around, it’s actually been proven that the Catholic Church, from the Middle Ages to the Age of Enlightenment, was the biggest financial supporter of astronomy in academia.
Think about it, cathedrals were the tallest structures around and were built to work as solar observatories, and among the ranks of Catholics in their time, you had Issac Newton as a guy who went to church every sunday and Nicolas Copernicus, who was a cleric.
When it comes to other scientific disciplines, Gregor Mendel, the father of genetics was an abbot, while Georges Lemaitre, who proposed the theory that the universe was expanding, was an ordained priest. There’s even Saint Albert Magnus, who was a doctor, an astrologist, alchemist and zoologist, before becoming canonized into a saint. There’s a whole list on wikipedia of church-sanctioned scientists.
Guess they’re not as scared of science as we thought.